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What You Need To Know About Diabetes



Get In The Know

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant). With type 1 diabetes, your body can't make insulin, so you need to take insulin every day. Most people with diabetes—9 out of 10—have type 2 diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insu-lin well and is unable to keep blood sugar at normal levels. If you have 2 or more of these risk factors, ask your doctor if you should be tested for diabetes. The sooner you find out, the sooner you can start making healthy changes. Risk factors include
  • Being overweight
  • Being 45 years or older
  • Having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
  • Being physically active less than 3 times a week
  • Ever having gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds
You've Been Diagnosed with Diabetes. Now What?
Following a healthy eating plan, including eating more fruits and vegetables and less sugar and salt.
  • Getting physically active—10 to 20 minutes a day is better than only an hour once a week.
  • Taking diabetes medicine as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Testing your blood sugar regularly to understand and track how food, activity, and medicine affect your blood sugar levels.
  • Know Your ABCs
Work with your doctor to manage your diabetes ABCs, and keep a record of your num-bers. Results will help determine if your treatment plan is working and you're able to stay in your target range—for example, an A1C of 7% or less—or if adjustments need to be made. Staying on track will help lower your risk of additional health problems.
A—the A1C test, which measures average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months.
B—blood pressure, the force of blood flow inside blood vessels.
C—cholesterol, a group of blood fats that affect the risk of heart attack or stroke.
S—stop smoking or don't start.
 
- Article from the September 2015 Diabetes Forecast Magazine

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