It’s a Good Time to Check Your Withholding and Make Changes if Necessary

The right amount of tax withholding

Julia Tsoy

Jun 13, 2019

Due to the massive changes in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), the 2019 filing season resulted in surprises. Some filers who have gotten a refund in past years wound up owing money. The IRS reports that the number of refunds paid this year is down from last year — and the average refund is lower. As of May 10, 2019, the IRS paid out 101,590,000 refunds averaging $2,868. This compares with 102,582,000 refunds paid out in 2018 with an average amount of $2,940.

Of course, receiving a tax refund shouldn’t necessarily be your goal. It essentially means you’re giving the government an interest-free loan.

Law changes and withholding

Last year, the IRS updated the withholding tables that indicate how much employers should hold back from their employees’ paychecks. In general, the amount withheld was reduced. This was done to reflect changes under the TCJA — including the increase in the standard deduction, suspension of personal exemptions and changes in tax rates.

The new tables may have provided the correct amount of tax withholding for some individuals, but they might have caused other taxpayers to not have enough money withheld to pay their ultimate tax liabilities.

Conduct a “paycheck checkup”

The IRS is cautioning taxpayers to review their tax situations for this year and adjust withholding, if appropriate.

The tax agency has a withholding calculator to assist you in conducting a paycheck checkup. The calculator reflects tax law changes in areas such as available itemized deductions, the increased child credit, the new dependent credit and the repeal of dependent exemptions. You can access the IRS calculator at

Situations where changes are needed

There are a number of situations when you should check your withholding. In addition to tax law changes, the IRS recommends that you perform a checkup if you:

  • Adjusted your withholding in 2018, especially in the middle or later part of the year
  • Owed additional tax when you filed your 2018 return
  • Received a refund that was smaller or larger than expected
  • Got married or divorced, had a child or adopted one
  • Purchased a home
  • Had changes in income

You can modify your withholding at any time during the year, or even multiple times within a year. To do so, you simply submit a new Form W-4 to your employer. Changes typically go into effect several weeks after a new Form W-4 is submitted. (For estimated tax payments, you can make adjustments each time quarterly estimated payments are due. The next payment is due on Monday, June 17.)

We can help

Contact Smolin to discuss your specific situation and what you can do to remedy any shortfalls to minimize taxes due, as well as any penalties and interest. We can help you sort through whether or not you need to adjust your withholding.


  1. E. Wiiliam Edge, former NECC Trustee on June 17, 2019 at 7:44 pm

    Thank you. It’s not too late to adjust your W-4. This came as no surprise to me in 2017 (but it was to too many). FACTS MATTER: We had a substantial TAX RATE CUT not a TAX CUT. Going from 25% to 22% is 12% lower, BUT if you drastically increase my TAXABLE INCOME, there’s a break point wherein you pay MORE and that is purposefully located in West Essex NJ & Morris Cty. Did our CPA’s, in general in 2018, tell their customers “you better put that extra $50 a week from your payroll somewhere and not spend it, cause you’ll need it 4/15/19 when your Itemized Deductions disappear due to S.A.L.T limitations. A sinister Post Script – Did anybody else get flooded August 12, 2018? Well that’s NO LONGER deductible (except for FEMA areas) so I was able to send 22% of a $40,000 loss (that’s above 10% of my AGI) right off to DC to help out those poor, indigent heirs whose folks only left them $11,200,000 estates to get by.
    Can’t you remember Paul Ryan and Texas Cong. Kevin Brady (aka SHREK) whooping it up for “every American gets a tax cut” ? Hey NECC, it’s your 50th Anniversary, any plans?

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